Git ssh keygen
Installing the msysgit, configuring git, creating SSH keys for Github, customize the Powershell, installing posh-git. SSH creates a secure connection from your computer to Assembla, making sure that only authorized persons can commit to your repository. It is unclear which program is being used by Git; you need to check the %GIT_SSH% environment variable for that. It is unclear which program is being used by Git; you need to check the %GIT_SSH% environment variable for that.
Using Git Gui on Windows v0. A dialog appeared entitled Your OpenSSH Public Key. I generated a key and copied it to the clipboard. Then I continued to follow the setup-ssh instructions on from Step Three onwards.
Ключи от всех дверей
Afterwards Git Gui communicated with Github silently - no need to enter any credentials. If you're on Windows 7/8, you should look in C:\Users\Your_User_Name. Just copy & paste your id_rsa file here and it will all work out-of-the-box. Reading your comment to Declan's answer, try opening a command prompt first (Start -> Run -> cmd) and then navigate to that git/bin folder and run ssh-keygen. Theoretically that will generate an RSA key and place it in the appropriate directory. Then you just gotta find it and share your public key with the world. The reason that the window "blinks" is because windows run's the program, and when it executes, it closes the command prompt, thinking you're done with it, when you really need the output.
On my windows 7 system GitGui looks for the RSA key in the userprofile/. Ssh folder or more specifically c:/users/yourusername/. The tricky part for my setup was getting the shared host at hostmonster to accept the key. The only way I could get it to work was by using GitGui to create the key pairs (without a password) and then copy and pasting the public key via the control panel, ssh, manage keys. To start at the beginning you have to create the keys in GitGui by going to Help, Show SSH key, then Generate Key.
Создание публичного SSH-ключа
Now you will have two new keys in the. Pub file and copy the contents.
Log in to your control panel on shared host and go into ssh, manage ssh keys, import key. Paste into the Public box, and make sure you name it the right name without the extension-- mine was id_rsa. Now you must authorize the key using the manage authorization link, so it will get concatenated into the authorized_keys file.
Now your GitGui and your GitBash should be able to push using ssh without having to type the password. Oddly, I was able to push using ssh via git bash and git gui just fine on my own servers running linux, it was just the shared hosting that was giving me fits. Hope this helps someone as it took me hours of trial and error to come up with this--and its so simple! The standard location for the files is in %USERPROFILE%\. USERPROFILE% is the equivalent of $HOME in Unix.
If you are using the ssh tools that came with git, which are the standard command line unix-style tools, you can use something like to work with ssh-agent across all shells. For future readers, %USERPROFILE% is the equivalent of $HOME is not the equivalent of $HOME. A lot of bad acting Linux apps ported to Windows treat t the two the same e but they should not be treated the same. Micah, can you inform the differences in intent for that?
Also, even with different intent, it would seem that if all the tools use one as the other, then doesn't it effectively become equivalent? Tools that use %USERPROFILE% on Windows in the same way as $HOME on Linux are violating well documented best practices/recommendations for Windows development (published by MS long ago and updated over time). There are many tools that do this, but the argument to follow them is much like the argument "X pees in the pool, so we should too.
" USERPROFILE is where the user stores documents they create/save (e. APPDATA is for per-user configuration data. LOCALAPPDATA is for per-user caches and large files. PROGRAMDATA is for machine-wide configuration and cache. In general, the only tools that misbehave with USERPROFILE are tools written by Linux developers and then ported to Windows. As a developer, you probably use a lot of these so it feels like "everyone is doing it" but outside of the development tooling ecosystem most Windows applications actually are good citizens.
Even Microsoft sometimes makes the mistake of not putting things in the right place (they are a huge company), though in general when you point it out to them they make an effort to resolve the problem and follow OS guidelines. (sorry, StackExchange character limits on comments).
Here is more details about the folders and a brief description of what goes in each. Ssh (if not exist) inside c:\PATH_TO_PRIVATE_KEY and copy your id_rsa file (your private key) into it. One mistake I made when using SSH on Windows was that when I attempted to use the keys through the Git Bash client, all of the files within ~/. Ssh were the wrong permissions, yet it did not attempt to tell me that it was a problem. Just as a test, make sure you've set everything in your ~/. If you have the necessary permissions on the Windows machine, and your policies permit it, I would suggest installing Cygwin, especially considering that you have prior experience with Linux.
Cygwin will make it possible to handle your ssh-keys as you would on any other Linux/Unix machine.
How to tell git which private key to use
And it provides access to almost all of the cli tools of Linux. It is perfectly reasonable to make suggestions like this as comments. But as the question explicitly requests git for windows you should expect down votes for posting this as an answer. You can also load Putty Agent (pageant) and add the private key you generated with Putty for the server.
Git recognizes this and uses that for push/pull. My msysgit OpenSSL/Bash GIT experience (not Putty's plink) is that the search order for your the. Hence why so many people suggest setting HOME if one of the others is not what you expect. More importantly you can check for yourself, to debug use ssh -v to a server that uses publickey authentication as follows: $ ssh -v git@github. Debug1: Reading configuration data /d/. Debug1: Trying private key: /d/. Debug1: Offering public key: /d/. You've successfully authenticated, but GitHub does not provide shell access.
Sorry for adding yet another answer but we found ssh searching in an obscure drive and none of the answers seemed to explain what we saw. Sometimes %HOMEDRIVE%%HOMEPATH% is a mapped network drive (e. H:/) which causes unnecessary failures when there are network/fileserver issues, even when %USERPROFILE%/. Ssh and has the keys locally. Setting %HOME% to %USERPROFILE% stops it looking at the remote home drive. TortoiseGit lets you specify the key to use when cloning a repository.
Создание публичного SSH-ключа
Simply check "Load Putty Key" and browse to the. Network -> SSH client is set to C:\Program Files\TortoiseGit\bin\TortoiseGitPlink. File and put: IdentityFile C:\Users\adria\. I was using TortoiseGit as well as git bash on Windows, depending on need.
Подключение Git Bash к GitHubcom с использованиемSSH
I've added everything into TortoiseGit and it worked fine but git bash wasn't picking it up even though the keys were in the correct directory. Turns out I had to do this from git bash: ssh-add C:\\Users\\\\. You can of course change the path to wherever your key is located, remembering to use \\ as the separator. The most efficient way is using Pageant because it will let you write the passphrase only once at the beginning of the session instead of every push. Exe from Putty's website, place them in C:\puttyTools directory. Wiggle the mouse around in the top part of the window until the progress bar is full, as the program asks you to do.
Provide a passphrase, and repeat it in the subsequent textbox. Click "Save private key". The usual directory to save these in is %USERPROFILE%\_ssh (in my computer this maps to C:\Users\andres\. It doesn't matter what you call the key, but for demonstration purposes, I'm going to call it github.
Разное Использование нескольких SSH ключей в Git
This file should have an extension of. Copy the text in the top text box in PuTTYgen, the one labeled Public key for pasting into OpenSSH authorized_keys file and paste it into a new SSH key in Github's settings. Give it a title that describes what machine the key is on (e.
Exe, a new systray icon will appear. Right click on the icon -> Add key. Locate your ppk file, enter your passphrase. Create these new user environment variables (via looking for app Environ through WindowsMenu which will find Edit environment variables for your account): GIT_SSH = "C:\puttyTools\plink. Exe" and SVN_SSH = "C:\puttyTools\PuTTY\plink. Exe and try to connect to the host where you host your git repositories, for example try to connect to github. Com via SSH, and a dialog will ask you if you accept the fingerprint of the server: click on YES. Run a new instance of your MINGW64 git console, verify that the environment variables are there by writing the command env grep -i ssh.